kurdistan fact sheet

Bookmark and Share

Location

Middle East, bordering the Turkey, Iran and Syria

Area

40,643 square kilometers

Geographic Coordinates

Google Earth Coordinates

N: 37.7° N
E: 46.6° E

Area

Google Earth Coordinates

Total: 40,000 sq km
Land: 36,000 sq km
Water: 4,000 sq km

Area - Comparative  

Invest in Kurdistan

Twice the size of the state of Vermont

Land Boundaries

Google Earth Coordinates

Total: 722Km 
Bordering countries: Iran 220 km, Syria 150 km, Turkey 352 km

Current Weather

Mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, very hot in the summer.

Terrain

Mountainous, in most of Kurdistan, most areas are very dry in the summer while cooling down, in the winter and spring.

Natural Resources

Ministry of natural resources

Petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulphur

Land Use
Invest in Kurdistan

Arable land: 13.12%
Permanent crops: 0.61%
Other: 86.27% 2005

Natural Hazards

Dust storms; sandstorms; floods

Environment: International Agreements

Iraqi Govt Agreements

Party to: Biodiversity, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
Signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Population

5.2 million
July 20O9 KRG statistics office est.

Age Structure

Invest in the Future

0-14 years: 36% 
15-64 years: 60%
65 years and over: 4%

Median Age

Total: 20.65 years
Male: 20.5 years
Female: 20.8 years

Population Growth Rate

KRG stats office

2.548% 
2010 est.

Life Expectancy at Birth

Invest in Kurdistan

Total population: 70.25 years
Male: 68.88 years
Female: 71.69 years 2010 est.

Nationality

Noun: Iraqi(s)
Adjective: Iraqi

Ethinic Groups

Kurds, Assyrians, Turkmen, Arabs, Armenians, Yezidis, Shabaks and Mandeans.

Religions

Muslim, Christian or Yezidi

Languages

Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian

Literacy

Total population: 74.1%
Male: 84.1%
Female: 64.2% 
2000 est.

School Life Expectancy

University of Salahadin

Total: 10 years
Male: 12 years
Female: 9 years (2005)
Government: Kurdistan Regional Government

Country Name

Conventional long form: Republic of Iraq
Conventional short form: Iraq
Local long form: Jumhuriyat al-Iraq
Local short form: Al Iraq
Regional Name: Kurdistan

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy
Presidential democracy

Capital

Name: Erbil
Time difference: GMT+3

Administrative Divisions

3 governorates: Arbil, As Sulaymaniah and Duhok

Constitution

Ratified on 15 October 2005 (subject to review by the Constitutional Review Committee and a possible public referendum)

Legal System

Based on European civil and Islamic law under the framework outlined in the Iraqi Constitution; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage

18 years of age; universal

Executive Branch

Chief of state: President Massoud Barzani
Head of government: Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani; Deputy Prime Minister Qubad Jalal Talabani

Political Parties & Leaders

Kurdistan Democratic Party or KDP [Kurdistan Regional Government President Massoud BARZANI]; Movement for Change [Nawshirwan MUSTAFA]; Socialist Party [Muhammed Haji Mahmoud]; Patriotic Union of Kurdistan or PUK [Jalal TALABANI President of Iraq]; Islamic Union of Kurdistan [Salaheddine Bahaaeddin]; Islamic Group of Kurdistan [Ali Bapir]; 
Note: numerous smaller local, tribal, and minority parties

International Organization Participation

ABEDA, AFESD (suspended), AMF, CAEU, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNDP, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)

Flag Description

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the Sun in yellow is centered in the white band.