Agriculture can once again become a vital part of the Kurdistan economy, a region that was once called the "bread basket of Iraq". The region is hoping to reach economic self-sufficiency in the next five years; with the right investment this can be achieved.
For the most part of the past 25 years, agriculture investment worldwide has declined; most developing regions only spend around 5% of public revenue on farming. This is in a time when world food prices have increased by around 160%. Strong agricultural land and water resources can help create food security in the region. The use of science and production of a sustainable intensification of agriculture is necessary for food security. Both FAO and the World Bank agree that the dominant model needs to change.
After being in the sidelines for many years now Agriculture will once again be brought to the forefront of development in the region. Efforts to revitalize the sector develop sustainable growth paves the way for further development in agriculture sector through Foreign and Domestic investment in agriculture in Kurdistan.
More investment is needed in the infrastructure of agriculture to help enhance Kurdistan’s physical, technical and personnel requirements to be able to boost agriculture production per capita in the Region. Establishing links and creating agricultural research centre’s in the region will help professionalize the sector in Kurdistan.
Historical evidence points to the first domestication of sheep and goats as taking place in the Upper valleys of Mesopotamia which is now known as Kurdistan, revitalizing the Meat and Dairy industry will help Kurdistan live up to its historical roots.
Steps are being taken by the KRG to encourage former famers to return to their rural areas by providing them with subsidies and grants to encourage them to once again return to farming and animal husbandry to help revitalize these sectors.
The Kurdistan region benefits facts:
- Arable land and fertile soil
- Conductive climate
- Strong human resources
- Plentiful water resources
Need for modern technology and expertise also, agriculture will never loose it's importance, the KRG is trying to protect agro-industries and also establish domestic food industries while protecting local products. Steps to boost local production like: forestry, horticulture, plant and animal production, poultry products, animal husbandry, irrigation projects and research and development.